Traditional Religion and Humanism
(as Seen by Scientific Humanism)

by Gordon L. Ziniewicz

Traditional Religion  Humanism
1.  Otherworldly (heaven and hell). 1.  This-worldly (earth).
2.  Supernaturalistic (only our bodies are part of nature). 2.  Naturalistic (we are part of nature).
3.  Person is an immortal soul in a mortal body.  3.  Person is a functional unity of a biological organism.
4.  Dependence (on God). 4.  Independence.
5.  Heteronomy. 5.  Autonomy.
6.  Obedience. 6.  Freedom.
7.  Hierarchical and authoritarian. 7.  Democratic and cooperative.
8.  Human sinfulness. 8.  Faith in human nature.
9.  Revelation. 9.  Reason and intelligence.
10.  Doctrine (dogma).  10.  Scientific method (free inquiry).
11.  Universalism and eternal truths. 11.  Probabilism and relatively stable hypotheses. 
12.  Values based on God's will (divine laws). 12.  Values based on experience (working provisional guidelines). 
13.  Prayer. 13.  Action.
14.  Acceptance.  14.  Problem-solving.
15.  Consequences later (reward and punishment). 15.  Consequences now (improvement of conditions). 
16.  Without God, we can do nothing; with God, all things are possible.  16.  We can make things better.
17.  God will satisfy our need for security. 17.  Some security can be achieved through intelligence and hard work.
18.  God will save us. 18.  We must save ourselves.
19.  Life is a test. 19.  Life is an experiment.

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Copyright © 1997 - 1999 Gordon L. Ziniewicz
This page last updated 10/14/12

Please note: These philosophical commentaries, though still in process, are the intellectual property of Gordon L. Ziniewicz. They may be downloaded and freely distributed in electronic form only, provided no alterations are made to the original text. One print copy may be made for personal use, but further reproduction and distribution of printed copies are prohibited without the permission of the author.